How to Make Homebrew With Sugar and Yeast

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Homebrewing has been on the rise and is becoming more popular each year. It’s a great hobby that people of all ages and backgrounds can enjoy. However, if you’re new to the game, then you need to know how to make homebrew with sugar and yeast.

How to Make Homebrew With Sugar and Yeast

The rule of thumb for homebrewing is that you need about two pounds of sugar per gallon of water and five teaspoons of yeast per five gallons. This will give you a starting gravity of about 1.040 and an alcohol content of around 4%. It is what most of the homebrew recipes are based on, and it is pretty easy to follow.

If you’re looking to make a stronger batch, then you can add more sugar. For example, if you add four pounds of sugar per gallon, then you will end up with a gravity of 1.060 and an alcohol content of around 6%. It is every homebrewer’s dream to make a high-gravity beer since it has a lot of alcohol and tastes great.

An image of a brewer's yeast

Step by Step Homebrew Making Process

Homebrewing has step by step process that every brewer should be keen to follow. Each step is crucial as it will determine the quality of your homebrew and the end result. The following are the steps that you need to follow:

Sanitize Everything

The first step is to sanitize all your brewing systems, including the fermenter, distilling kit, grain mill, carboy, airlock, thermometer, spoon, hydrometer, and anything else that will come into contact with your beer. This step is important because it will prevent your beer from getting contaminated.

You can decide to wash everything with soap and hot water or use a no-rinse sanitizer. The most important thing is to make sure that everything is clean before you start brewing. If you decide to wash them, ensure to use warm water and let them air dry.

Make the Sugar Solution

The next step is to make a sugar solution, also known as wort. This is where you will add sugar to water and stir until it dissolves. The amount of sugar that you add will determine your beer’s gravity and alcohol content.

If you want to make a high-gravity beer, then you need to add more sugar. Follow the rule of thumb of two pounds per gallon and five teaspoons per five gallons. You don’t want to add too much sugar as it will make your beer taste too sweet. Stick to the rule to have a perfect balance.

At this point, you can decide to add hops to your wort. Hops are used to add bitterness and flavor to beer. They also act as a preservative, which is why they are mostly added at the beginning of the brewing process.

Boil the Sugar Solution

The next step is to boil the sugar solution for about an hour. This will help in sterilizing the solution and getting rid of any bacteria. It will also help in extracting flavors from the hops.

If you’re using pellet hops, then you need to add them at the beginning of the boil. This will help in extracting maximum bitterness from them. If you’re using leaf hops or whole cone hops, then you need to add them towards the end of the boil. This will help in extracting maximum flavor from them.

Cool the Solution

After boiling the solution, you need to cool it as quickly as possible. The faster you cool it; the less likely your beer will get contaminated. You can use a plate chiller or put it in a sink full of ice water.

The ideal temperature for pitching yeast is between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. So, use the thermometer to check the temperature of the solution and add or remove ice as needed.

Transfer the Solution to the Fermenter

Now, it’s time to transfer the solution to the fermenter. This is where you will add yeast to the solution and let it ferment. Also, use the correct amount of yeast. Too much or too little yeast can ruin your beer.

The ideal fermentation temperature is between 68 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit. So, make sure to keep the fermenter in a cool and dark place. Also, don’t forget to put the airlock on the fermenter. The airlock will allow carbon dioxide to escape while preventing oxygen from getting in.

Let the Beer Ferment

Fermentation is the most important step in homebrewing. This is where the yeast will eat the sugar and produce alcohol and carbon dioxide. The fermentation process can take anywhere from two weeks to two months. This step might be a little smelly for your small apartment, but with proper ventilation, it dissipates properly.

Ensure you maintain the ideal fermentation temperature throughout the process. If the temperature gets too high, then the yeast will produce off-flavors. The ideal temperature is between 68 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit.

You will know fermentation is complete when the airlock stops bubbling. At this point, you can take a gravity reading with a hydrometer. The gravity should be close to the original gravity. If it’s not, then you need to give the beer more time to ferment.

An image of a heart shaped sugar

Transfer the Beer to the Bottles or Keg

The next step is to transfer the beer to bottles or a Growler. If you’re bottling your beer, then you need to add priming sugar to the bottles. The yeast will eat the priming sugar and produce carbon dioxide. This carbon dioxide will give your beer the desired carbonation.

If you’re kegging your beer, then you need to force carbonate it. This is because the yeast will not be able to produce carbon dioxide in a keg. Either way, you will still have a carbonated beer at the end of the process. If at some point your beer still turns out flat, a Sodastream can fix it easily.

Benefits of Brewing Your Own Beer

Making your own beer has many benefits that most people are unaware of. People who have done it successfully will tell you that it is very rewarding. Here are some benefits that you’ll get from brewing your own beer:

  • You will have full control of the brewing process. This means that you can make the beer exactly how you want it. You can add or remove ingredients to suit your taste.
  • You will save a lot of money in the long run. Homebrewed beer saves you a lot of money compared to buying commercial beer. This is because you will brew in bulk and not have to pay for packaging or labels.
  • You will get to experiment with different recipes. This is one of the most fun parts of brewing your own beer. You can experiment with different recipes and find the perfect one for you.

Related Questions

How Long Do Sugar and Yeast Take To Make Alcohol?

It takes about ten days for the yeast to eat the sugar and produce alcohol. However, this will also depend on the type of yeast you use and the temperature of the fermentation process.

Can I Use Honey Instead of Sugar?

Yes, you can use honey instead of sugar. In fact. Honey has many benefits that make it better for brewing. Honey is a natural antiseptic, so it will help to keep your beer bacteria-free. Honey is also less processed than sugar, so it will give your beer a richer flavor.


Using sugar and yeast to make homebrew is a great way to save money and have full control over the brewing process. You can experiment with different recipes and find the perfect one for you. Remember to maintain the ideal fermentation temperature and have patience while the yeast works.